THOUGHT FOR TODAY
“You wouldn’t let your grandparents pick your playlist Why would you let them pick your representatives who are going to determine your future?”
— President Barack Obama
Early voting for the general election continues at county auditors’ offices statewide today, Friday and Monday. Polls will be open Tuesday from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time.
Two issues are on the ballot statewide. Constitutional Amendment D would expand Medicaid eligibility to thousands of South Dakotans who are currently not eligible for such insurance. Initiated Measure 27 would legalize marijuana possession, use and distribution.
The following contests will be decided on Tuesday:
— U.S. SENATE
Brian Bengs (D), Tamara Lesnar (L), John Thune (R).
— U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Collin Duprel (L), Dusty Johnson (R).
— GOVERNOR/LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR
Jamie Smith/Jennifer Keintz (D), Tracey Quint/Ashley Strand (L), Kristi Noem/Larry Rhoden (R).
— SECRETARY OF STATE
Thomas Cool (D), Monae Johnson (R).
— STATE AUDITOR
Stephanie Marty (D), Rene Meyer (L), Richard Sattgast (R).
— STATE TREASURER
John Cunningham (D), Josh Haeder (R).
— COMMISSIONER OF SCHOOL & PUBLIC LANDS
Timothy Azure (D), Brock Greenfield (R).
— PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSIONER
Jeffrey Barth (D), Chris Nelson (R).
— HUGHES COUNTY SHERIFF
John Weber (I), Patrick Callahan (R).
— HUGHES COUNTY COMMISSIONER AT LARGE
Bill Abernathy (R), Connie Hohn (R), Rob Fines (R).
The following candidates are unopposed for election:
— STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL
Marty Jackley (R).
— STATE SENATE, DISTRICT 24
Jim Mehlhaff (R).
— STATE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, DISTRICT 24
Mike Weisgram (R), Will Mortenson (R).
— STANLEY COUNTY AUDITOR
Philena Burtch (R).
— SULLY COUNTY AUDITOR
Susan Lamb (R).
— HUGHES COUNTY FINANCE OFFICER
Thomas Oliva (R).
— HUGHES COUNTY STATE’S ATTORNEY
Jessica LaMie (R).
— STANLEY COUNTY SHERIFF
Bradley Rathbun (R).
— SULLY COUNTY SHERIFF
Bill Stahl (D).
— STANLEY COUNTY REGISTER OF DEEDS
Patricia Duffy (D).
— SULLY COUNTY REGISTER OF DEEDS
Lynette Murphy (R).
— STANLEY COUNTY COMMISSION
Craig Heller (R), Area 1; Dana Iversen (R), Area 3; Gary Grittner (R), Area 5.
— SULLY COUNTY COMMISSION
William Floyd (R), Area 1; Greg Yackley (D), Area 3; Joe Fanger (R), Area 5.
Class AA: Pierre will have a home match next Thursday, Nov. 10, in the SoDak 16 round, and the winner of that match will advance to the state tournament. If things stay the way they are today, the Governors (15-5 and #5 in the seed-point standings) would host #12 Brandon Valley (10-19). The winner of that match would play against the winner of #4 Jefferson-#13 Brookings on the first day of the state tournament.
Class A: Stanley County remained alive in the postseason with a 3-1 win Tuesday over Cheyenne-Eagle Butte in the quarterfinals of Region 6A. Game scores were 25-19, 25-20, 21-25, 25-19. The Buffaloes play tonight (Thursday) at Mobridge-Pollock, and the winner tonight will advance to the SoDak 16 round next Thursday, Nov. 10.
Class B: Sully Buttes saw its season end Tuesday in the quarterfinals of Region 6B when the Chargers lost to Potter County, 3-1, on game scores of 25-22, 20-25, 18-25, 14-25. The Sully Buttes final record is 13-17.
FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIP SEMIFINALS
Semifinal games this Friday, Nov. 4:
— 11AA, Yankton at Pierre, Aberdeen Central at Tea Area.
— 11AAA, Sioux Falls Lincoln vs. Sioux Falls Jefferson, Harrisburg at Sioux Falls O’Gorman.
— 11A, Sioux Falls Christian at Dell Rapids, Beresford at West Central.
— 11B, McCook Central/Montrose at Winner, Hot Springs at Elk Point-Jefferson.
— 9AA, Hamlin at Wall, Parkston at Elkton-Lake Benton.
— 9A, Harding County/Bison at Warner, Gregory at Lyman.
— 9B, Irene-Wakonda at Herreid-Selby Area, De Smet at Hitchcock-Tulare.
Championship game schedule at the DakotaDome next week:
— Thursday, 9B, 11 a.m.; 9A, 7:30 p.m.
— Friday, 9AA, 10:30 a.m.; 11B, 2:30 p.m.; 11A, 7:30 p.m.
— Saturday, 11AA, 1 p.m.; 11AAA, 7 p.m.
PIERRE GOVERNORS SPORTS ROUNDUP
This week’s schedules:
Football: home vs. Yankton in state semifinal, 7 p.m.
Football: The tone of the quarterfinal game at home against Sturgis was set in the first few seconds. Jayden Wiebe returned the opening kickoff 85 yards for a touchdown. Lincoln Krueger hit Brecken Krueger on a 13-yard touchdown pass, and it was 14-0 after a quarter of a minute. A Kienholz-to-Jack Merkwan 10-yard TD pass later in the first quarter made it 21-0. Early in the second quarter Sturgis converted an interception into a touchdown on a short field to crawl to within 21-7. But Kienholz passed to Jett Zabel on a 32-yard TD pass for a 28-7 lead. It became 35-7 on a Kienholz-to-Cade Kaiser 13-yard TD pass. With nine seconds left in the first half Kienholz ran in himself from nine yards out for a 42-7 lead. That set in motion a running clock for the entire second half. Sturgis scored on a 19-yard touchdown pass in the fourth quarter to make the final score read 42-14. The Pierre defense held the Scoopers’ top receiver to no catches on only two targets. Besides his kickoff return, Wiebe had an interception to his credit, and Chase Carda intercepted two Sturgis passes.
Volleyball: The Governors’ regular season ended with a 15-5 record. They lost Tuesday at Sioux Falls Jefferson, 3-0, on game sores of 13-25, 14-25, 17-25.
STANLEY COUNTY BUFFALOES SPORTS ROUNDUP
This week’s schedule:
Volleyball: at Mobridge-Pollock in semifinal of Region 6A.
SULLY BUTTES CHARGERS SPORTS ROUNDUP
Football: The Chargers’ season came to an end in the quarterfinals of the playoffs when they lost at home to Irene-Wakonda, 36-30. The game was tied at 14-14 at halftime. Sully Buttes led by 30-20 after a 66-yard touchdown pass from Landon Hepker to Trevor Marshall, but another potential Charger TD was avoided by an interception in the end zone in the fourth quarter. Irene-Wakonda drove the field for the winning score. SB’s season ended with a 7-3 record.
QUOTE OF THE WEEK
“The ignorance of one voter in a democracy impairs the security of all.”
— President John F. Kennedy
3 days: Daylight Saving Time ends (Nov. 6).
5 days: General election (Nov. 8).
7 days: State football championship games, Vermillion (Nov. 10-12).
14 days: State volleyball tournaments, Sioux Falls (Nov. 17-19).
18 days: Men’s soccer World Cup, Qatar (Nov. 21-Dec. 18).
18 days: Pierre Parade of Lights (Nov. 21).
19 days: Capitol Christmas trees lighting ceremony (Nov. 22).
21 days: Thanksgiving Day (Nov. 24).
29 days: Pierre Players’ “‘Til Beth Do Us Part” (Dec. 2-4, 8-10).
COLLEGE SPORTS ROUNDUP
South Dakota men’s basketball (Max Burchill): Max was one of the Coyotes’ starters as USD played Simpson College of Iowa in an exhibition game Sunday. The Yotes blew away Simpson, 101-55. Max saw 11 minutes of action and was 1-of-2 in field goals and 4-of-4 in free throws for six points and three rebounds. USD has its regular-season openers at Wisconsin Monday on Big Ten Network and next Wednesday at home vs. Lipscomb on Midco Sports Network.
South Dakota swimming (Morgan Nelson): Morgan did not swim as USD lost a dual to Iowa State, 191-102. USD swimmers host their Coyote Extravaganza in Sioux Falls Friday and Saturday.
Mary wrestling (Lincoln Turman): The Marauders open the season at the Yellowjacket Open in Rochester, Minn., Saturday.
Mary women’s basketball (Chloe Lamb): The Mary season opens at home vs. St. Scholastica (Minn.) Sunday.
Lafayette men’s soccer (Eric Axtman): The Leopards finished the regular season with a 2-1 win over American and a 0-0 tie with Army. They have qualified for the Patriot League tournament, which will have games Saturday, Tuesday and Nov. 12.
Augustana football (Jett Lamb, Colton Hartford): The Vikings fell to 6-3 with a 24-7 loss to Winona State. Jett was credited with a solo tackle and an assisted tackle. Augustana is home vs. Minnesota-Duluth at 1 p.m. Saturday on KELOXTRA east of the river and CW of the Black HIlls west of the river.
Augustana swimming (Ella Ward-Zeller): The Vikings open their season at the USD Extravaganza meet in Sioux Falls Friday and Saturday.
Augustana women’s basketball (Aislinn Duffy, Katie Bourk): The Vikings tip off their season at USF’s classic against Fort Hays State (Kan.) Nov. 11 and Missouri Western Nov. 12.
Mount Marty men’s basketball (Lincoln Jordre): The Lancers’ season begins at the Sanford Pentagon against Presentation Saturday and Valley City State Sunday.
Dakota Wesleyan wrestling (Tyson Johnson, Aric Williams): The DWU matmen open their season Saturday at the Jamestown Open.
Dakota Wesleyan football (Evan Nordstrom): DWU lost to the nation’s #1 NAIA team, Morningside, 70-14, in a game that was 42-0 after 15 minutes. Now 1-9 DWU ends the season at home Saturday vs. Mount Marty.
Dakota Wesleyan men’s basketball (Nick Wittler): The Tigers open their season at the Sanford Pentagon against Valley City State Saturday and Presentation Sunday.
Black Hills State football (Josh Breske): The Yellowjackets swamped winless Fort Lewis, 75-0. Now 6-3 overall and 4-3 in the RMAC, the Yellowjackets go to Adams State Saturday.
Northern football (Jacob Howard): The Wolves held MSU-Moorhead to -88 in rushing yards and sacked the Dragon quarterbacks eight times in a win that boosted NSU to a 6-3 record. Northern plays at Bemidji State Saturday.
Missouri Baptist football (Shawn Schnabel): The Spartans won their homecoming game over Trinity International, 24-10. Now 3-6, MBU plays Judson in Elgin, Ill., Saturday.
Dakota State football (Jaden Flor, Collin Brueggeman, Nathan Cook): The Trojans defeated Iowa Wesleyan, 12-6. Now 5-4, DSU will be home Saturday against Waldorf in the last game to be played at Trojan Field in Madison. DSU will play in its new home stadium next fall.
North Dakota State football (Grey Zabel): The Bison won over Illinois State, 24-7, and take a 6-2 record to Western Illinois Saturday. That game can be found on ESPN+.
St. Joseph’s (Pa.) men’s soccer (John Axtman): The Hawks lost at St, Louis University, 1-0, ending their season at 3-6-8. St. Joseph’s had to have at least a tie in this game to qualify for the Atlantic 10 conference playoffs.
Gallaudet football (Kyle Albertson): Gallaudet improved to 6-2 with a 27-13 win over Anna Maria. Gallaudet plays Saturday at Alfred State, and a win will mean their conference title and an automatic bid into the Division III playoffs.
South Dakota State football (Regan Bollweg): The Jackrabbits blew out Indiana State on Hobo Day, 49-7. Now 8-1 overall, 6-0 in the Missouri Valley and still ranked #1 in FCS football, the Jacks play at Northern Iowa at 4 p.m. Saturday on Midco’s Two channel.
Northwestern (Iowa) football (Morris Hofer): The Raiders swamped Briar Cliff, 56-7. Morris was credited with two assisted tackles, including helping on a tackle-for-loss of 2 yards. Now 7-1, Northwestern is home Saturday vs. Midland.
Charleston volleyball (Jaxin Melby): The Eagles have a 29-3 record with one regular-season match remaining Friday against West Virginia State. This past week Charleston won 3-1 over Glenville State and 3-0 over St. Augustine, Central State and Concord.
WORDS OF WISDOM
“Bad officials are elected by good citizens who don’t vote.”
— George Jean Nathan
Badlands Sabres (Mason Martin): The Sabres lost twice at Great Falls, 5-1 and 5-4. Now 3-9-1-1, Badlands is home Friday and Saturday against Bozeman.
Aberdeen Wings: The Wings split with Austin, losing 4-1 and winning in overtime 2-1. Aberdeen plays at North Iowa Friday and Saturday.
Minnesota Wild: After losing their first three games of the season, the Wild have rebounded to a 5-5 record. This week they beat Ottawa, 4-2; lost at Detroit, 2-1; beat Chicago, 4-3, in a shootout, and beat Montreal, 4-1. Minnesota is home tonight vs. Seattle, then on the road to Los Angeles Tuesday and to Anaheim Wednesday.
Rapid City Rush: The Rush are now 1-2 in the young season after splitting with Kansas City in a 6-4 win and a 3-0 loss and losing at Idaho last night, 3-2. Rapid City stays in Boise for games Friday and Saturday.
Sioux Falls Skyforce: The season opens Saturday and Sunday against Iowa.
Minnesota Timberwolves: The Wolves beat the Los Angeles Lakers, 111-102, then lost to San Antonio, 107-98, and lost at Phoenix, 116-107. Minnesota is home vs. Milwaukee Friday, Houston Saturday, New York Monday and Phoenix Wednesday.
Minnesota Vikings: The Vikings are 6-1 atop the NFC North after a 34-26 win over Arizona at home. Minnesota plays at Washington at noon Sunday on Fox.
Denver Broncos: The Broncos won in London over Jacksonville, 21-17, and are 3-5. Denver after a bye this weekend plays at Tennessee Nov. 13.
Hot Springs High School (Ben Kramer): The Bison went all the way to #2 Aberdeen Roncalli for their quarterfinal playoff game and won 28-0. Hot Springs has another ungodly road trip for their semifinal game Friday at Elk Point-Jefferson.
Aberdeen Central High School (Justin Briese): Justin’s first year as head coach of the Golden Eagles saw the team go 0-3 at the start against Pierre, Tea Area and Sturgis, but they won their next five in a row. Now 6-4 after a 34-7 quarterfinal playoff win over Spearfish, Aberdeen goes to #2 Tea Area for their semifinal Friday.l
Midco Sports Network live games this week:
— Men’s hockey: UND vs. Omaha, 7 p.m.
— College football: UND vs. Indiana State, noon (MS2).
— College football: USD vs. Missouri State, 1 p.m.
— College football: SDSU vs. Northern Iowa, 4 p.m. (MS2).
— Men’s hockey: UND vs. Omaha, 7 p.m.
— Women’s basketball: SDSU vs. Creighton, 7 p.m.
— Women’s basketball: UND vs. Detroit Mercy, 7 p.m. (MS2).
— Men’s basketball: USD vs. Lipscomb, 7 p.m.
NFL games on local TV this week:
— Thursday: Philadelphia at Houston, 7:15 p.m., Prime Video.
— Sunday: Minnesota at Washington, noon, Fox.
— Sunday: Miami at Chicago, noon, CBS.
— Sunday: Los Angeles Rams at Tampa Bay, 3:30 p.m., CBS.
— Sunday: Tennessee at Kansas City, 7:20 p.m., NBC.
— Monday: Baltimore at New Orleans, 7:15 p.m., ESPN.
Missouri Valley Football Conference update:
— Conference standings: SDSU 6-0, NDSU 4-1, Southern Illinois 4-2, Northern Iowa 4-2, Illinois State 3-2, UND 3-2, Youngstown State 3-2, USD 1-4, Missouri State 1-4, Western Illinois 0-5, Indiana State 0-5.
— Last week’s games:
Youngstown State 45, USD 24.
SDSU 49, Indiana State 7.
UND 34, Abilene Christian 31.
Missouri State 64, Western Illinois 14.
Northern Iowa 37, Southern Illinois 36.
NDSU 24, Illinois State 7.
— This week’s games:
UND at Indiana State.
Missour State at USD.
NDSU at Western Illinois.
SDSU at Northern Iowa.
Youngstown State at Illinois State.
FOOTBALL CONTEST #12
We had 16 contestants in our contest last week. All of them picked Ohio State, Tennessee, TCU and USC, and 15 of them picked Buffalo and the Vikings. So there were four games that made the difference, and those who picked Syracuse, Nebraska, the Giants and the Rams to win paid the price. Nevertheless, eight of our contestants had 7-3 records. That meant nothing this week because Eric James had a perfect 10-0 record to earn 20 points (the usual 10 points for best record of the week and 10 bonus points for a perfect entry). At 9-1 for nine points were Eric Lusk and Jason Noyes. At 8-2 for eight points were Levi Neuharth, Gary Richter, Dawn Magee, Thomas Voeltz and Brad Cruse.
This week’s games (send your 10 winners to email@example.com by Saturday morning):
(1) Clemson at Notre Dame.
(2) Texas Tech at TCU.
(3) Alabama at LSU.
(4) Minnesota at Nebraska.
(5) Texas at Kansas State.
(6) Tennessee at Georgia.
(7) SDSU at Northern Iowa.
(8) NFL: Los Angeles Rams at Tampa Bay.
(9) NFL: Miami at Chicago.
(10) NFL: Minnesota at Washington.
PGA Champions Tour (Tom Byrum): Idle last week, the Champions Tour goes to Boca Raton, Fla., this weekend for the TimberTech Championships.
Thursday, Nov. 3:
Caden Thompson, Dale Bertsch, Randy Englund, Chris Rounds, Gus Runyan, Samantha Nielsen, Cortlyn Ahlers, Emily Finley, Ed Baer, Darin Ries, Dakota Coppess, Jarah (Smith) Vycital, Karla (Grueb) Kendrick, Kevin Woster, Liz Hunt.
— 10th anniversary, Joe/Rachel Lomheim.
Friday, Nov. 4:
Jamie Porter, Ryan Wedin, Steven Blake, McKenna Hall, Nancy Gordon, Desirae Van Roekel, Kara Gloe, Kristoffer Iwan.
— 44th anniversary, Kerry/Pam (Welch) Wenbourne.
— 27th anniversary, Mark/Tanna Zabel.
Saturday, Nov. 5:
Collin Unkenholz, Don Giesinger, Korey Nystrom, Marcelleen Davis, Nathan Auch, Tyler Steele, Kathy Falcon, Derek Hunsley, Molly (Weisgram) Maxwell.
— 6th anniversary, Keenan/Carly (Feiler) Retterath.
— 6th anniversary, Jason/Jessica Rumpca.
— 67th anniversary, Virgil/Carol Mikkelsen.
Sunday, Nov. 6:
Lane Intorn, Eliana Erickson, Alvin Bartels, Maria Tracy, Michelle Kindle, Weston Pierson, Justin Briese, Izabelle Clark, Dan Workman, Jackson Rose, Lindsay (Stoeser) Heiss, Nate Kuchta, Riley Mehlhaff, Ron Woodburn, Nikki (Peterson) Kachelmyer.
— 12th anniversary, Andre/Julie Melius.
Monday, Nov. 7:
Kayla Nagle, Blair (Simon) Picchietti, Maari (Sweetman) LaBrie, Michelle (Wattier) Kezar, Cathy Wellner, Sue Gannaway, Kyle Sarringar.
— 13th anniversary, Dustin/Kayla (Trebesch) Dowling.
— 13th anniversary, Tim/Rachel Schmidt.
— 7th anniversary, Ryan/Beth (Feist) Baloun.
— 7th anniversary, Christopher/Virginia Kaus.
Tuesday, Nov. 8:
Molly Genzler, Laura Marsh, Rick Cronin, Connie Blair, Jeff Everson, Shaun Keller, Conner Kramer.
— 8th anniversary, Terry/Yutzil (Rodriguez) Becker.
Wednesday, Nov. 9:
Tom Denton, Zach Merrill, Paula Weeldreyer, Bryan Konechne, Sara Messbarger, Matt Picchietti, Colleen Jensen, Jami Beck, Susan Lamb, Dana (Halverson) Gloe, Katie Gourneau.
— 10th anniversary, Daniel/Alexis (Fanger) Timmons.
Thursday, Nov. 10:
Garrett Pochop, Patty McGee, Mark Lauseng, Steve Gardner, Royce Volker, Aaron Laudermith, Kyle Kafka, Sara (Dvorak) Becker, Ryan Noyes, Anne (Rounds) Harrington, Joseph Wieseler.
— 3rd anniversary, Brock/Mary Axthelm.
— 5th anniversary, Eric/Katherine (Adam) Danforth.
NEWS OF PEOPLE AND EVENTS
Ben and Alyssa Gloe’s 13-year-old daughter, Lilah, underwent an 8-hour major heart operation recently. She spent a week in an intensive care unit and since then has been recuperating at home. Her dad says Lilah has “an ugly scar” but has done amazingly well. The Gloes lived for many years at Fort Riley in Kansas but since earlier this year are living at Camden, S.C.
Pierre Players will host its 2023 season kickoff at the St. Charles Lounge from 4 to 6 p.m. this Saturday, Nov. 5. Those who attend can buy season memberships, learn about next season’s shows, enjoy snacks and drinks and participate in a question-and-answer session with directors of the 2023 plays.
Linda Denke, 98, Fort Perre, died Oct. 28 at Scotchman Living Center in Philip. A celebration of her life will take place at 1 p.m. Saturday, Nov. 5, at Faith Lutheran Church, preceded by fellowship and memory sharing starting at 11 a.m. Linda and her husband, Victor, had a sheep ranch near Newell and a cattle ranch at Clear Lake. They came to Fort Pierre in 1968. Linda worked at various jobs in Pierre and Fort Pierre until retiring from Avera St. Mary’s Hospital in 1992. She is survived by four daughters, eight grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren.
Frank and Jasmin (Fosheim) Turner are the parents of a son, Finn Marshall Turner, who was born last week weighing 5 pounds, 6 ounces. He will remain in a NICU in Sioux Falls for a few weeks because he arrived prematurely. The Turners have a daughter, Josie Rue, who is 2. They recently moved back to Pierre from Hettinger, N.D. Recently at the fall conference of the Economic Development Association of North Dakota, Jasmin was honored as Emerging Young Professional of the Year. She has worked for the past few years in Hettinger as that community’s economic development director.
The Dakota Wesleyan University band is on a brief fall tour and will perform at Riggs High School this Friday.
This year’s All-State Chorus and Orchestra assembled in Sioux Falls last weekend and performed a grand concert Saturday night at the Denny Sanford Premier Center. The following local students were part of All-State Chorus:
- Riggs High School: Grace Schumacher, Ashlyn Pitlick, Bryce Bowman, Skyler Ruth, Dani DeVaney, Brooke Allison, Connonr Lehr, Patrick Valentine, Kirsten Korber Claire Steffensen, Xavier Louis, Xzaylin Henderson, Maren Houdyshell, Kate Mullett, Tyler Want, Jack Garrett.
- Stanley County High School: Raheal Runge, Tessa Rasmussen, Riley Runge, Hayden Roggow.
- Sully Buttes High School: Isabelle Kallhoff, Trichelle White, Taydon LaRosh, Teghan Westphal.
Mark Garber, 68, passed away Oct. 29. A memorial celebration of his life will begin at 10 a.m. today (Thursday) at Community Bible Church, followed by inurnment at Pleasant Hill Cemetery at Blunt. The youngest of six children, Mark grew up on the family farm east of Pierre. He graduated from Riggs High School in 1973. He married Denise DeSautell of Onida, and they had three children, Dustin, Cliff and Destiny. In 2015 he married Kathy Biedenfeld, and Mark gained three bonus children, Deb, Mark and Todd. He spent most of his life running the family farm. He is survived by his wife, Kathy; his sons, Dustin (Melisa) and their three children of Fort Pierre and Cliff of Rapid City; his daughter, Destiny and her two children of Pierre; his stepchildren, Deb and her two children of Cambridge, Neb., Mark (Molly) and their two children of Edina, Minn., and Todd (Michelle) and their two children of New Brighton, Minn., and his siblings, Keith, Donna, Allen (Sharon) and Ron (Donna).
Trey and Danielle Campbell of Pierre are the parents of a son, Caden Derk Campbell, who was born Oct. 26. He weighed 5 pounds, 13 ounces.
“We do not have government by the majority. We have government by the majority who participate.”
— President Thomas Jefferson